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Kihon is meaning basics or fundamentals. The practice and mastery of kihon is essential to all advanced training, and includes the practice of correct body form and breathing, while praticing basics such as stances, punches, kicks, blocks and thrusts. Kihon is not only practicing of techniques, it is also the karate-ka fostering the correct spirit and attitude at all times. Kihon techniques tend to be practiced often, in many cases during each training session. They are considered fundamental to mastery and improvement of all movements of greater complexity.


Kata are executed as a specified series of a variety of moves, with stepping and turning, while attempting to maintain perfect form.
The practitioner is counseled to visualize the enemy attacks and their responses. Karate-ka "read" a kata in order to explain the imagined events.
Kata is not depiction of a mock fight, but a display of transition and flow from one posture to another, teaching the student proper form and position, and encouraging them to visualize different scenarios for the use of each motion and technique.


Kumite is an essential part of Karate training. Both opponents have to react and adapt to each other very quickly. Kumite includes guidelines that, if followed correctly, result in a clean and safe fight:
1)A karate-ka must remain in proper fighting stance and in the Kamae-Te position (hands up, ready to fight position);
2)A karate-ka must be aware of all obstacles around him/her;
3)A karate-ka must never delibe-rately endanger themselves by turning their back to opponent;
4)A practiced and well trained karate-ka must concentrate on stance and footwork.


Tameshiwari is a breaking technique that is used in competition, demonstration and testing. Breaking is an action where a karate-ka uses a striking surface to break one or more objects using the skills honed in trainings. The striking surface is usually a hand or a foot, but may also be a fingertip, toe, head, elbow, knuckle or knee.
Wooden boards are the most common breaking item in Karate, though it is also common to break bricks or cinder blocks.
In Karate, a device called a "makiwara" is used for training purposes.


The primary training in karate should be empty-handed, however there are many benefits from trainings with weapons. Weapons training helps the students develop muscle tone, strength, stances and positions in Kumite, and understand better the applications of techiques. Weapons training won't be offered until student reach an intermediate level - yellow belt. The learning of weapons and how they are used, opens up the students mind to the use of any object within their surrounds that could be used like a weapon to fight and to defend themselves if needed.


The Karate Belt system is used in trainings to mark the progress a student has made in their study. The student starts out at a low rank of belt (white) and progresses through the ranks (Kyu and Dan) to make it to the top (black) to instruct students himself. They have to advance through the ranks to show their honor and skill level. To advance through belts, they must show they are ready by doing a belt examination. Belt examinations could involve performing sets of katas, fighting other members of the dojo and performing other tests that show proficiency of the art.



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